|Welcome to the Blackberry
Blackberries are delicious when
they are freshly picked out of your garden. They're great eaten off the vine,
baked in pies, on ice cream, made into jams and jellies or in a fresh fruit
| Where to
Plant: Blackberries should be planted in a sunny location. A little
shade is okay. They grow great along a fence or staked with wire and posts.
Depending on the variety, blackberries can either have erect growing canes or
have trailing canes. The trailing varieites can be allowed to sprawl on their
own, though staking will make it easier to harvest and manage. Blackberries
also can be planted in rows. You can space them about 4 to 6 feet apart. Make
sure your blackberries have good drainage, because they do not want to be in
to Plant: Blackberries can be planted just about anytime of the year.
They are available in December through early February as bareroot plants. Many
varieties are only available during this time of year. During the rest of the
year, some varieties of blackberries are available in 1gallon containers.
Things to consider:
Blackberries need pruning on a regular basis to ensure best production.
Blackberries only produce on last years canes(basically one year old canes),
which means you will want to cut down the fruiting canes after harvest down to
the ground to allow the new canes that have emerged to grow. The new canes will
become next years fruiting canes.
|Below are some varieties of
newly named Cultivar from the Oregon State/USDA-ARS program. This variety has a
very large, good flavored fruit but is not a replacement for Marion. It will
probably be best suited for home garden and local fresh market. This variety
probably requires chilling (not good for southern and central valley
Trailing. Developed in California. Very large, almost seedless, sweet, juicy,
full-bodied flavor. Good for fresh eating, freezing, jams, preserves, pastries,
juice, syrup, and wine. To soft for shipping. Ripens during May and June.
Thornless forms of all blackberries should not be cultivated deeply as damaged
feeder roots will send up an occasional sticky sucker that has to be
Boysen originated in California and introduced in 1923. Very large, non-shiny,
dark maroon berries. Soft, very juicy flesh. The Boysen has a distinctive,
rich, tangy flavor and very aromatic. Excellent for eating fresh, juice,
freezing, canning, pastries, and preserves. Ripens about July 1, and are among
the largest of the small fruits. Vigorous, trailing vines. Boysenberries are
hardy to approximately -10 degrees F. without protection.
Semi-Erect. Thornless variety. Large,
sweet, high quality berries with good flavor. Excellent for fresh eating, jams,
jellies, and pies. Flowers same time as the Hull Blackberry, but ripen about 10
days later. The Chester is most resistant to Cane Blight caused by
Botryosphaeria Dothidea. Performs well in the deep South. Will not soften or
lose color on hot, sunny days. Ripens in August.
Trailing. Originating in California,
the Logan is thought to be a natural cross between a California native
blackberry and a red raspberry. The berries are long, large, dark red, acid,
and highly flavored. The Logan is often used for pies, juice and wine. Not as
widely grown commercially as it once was. There is high demand for it in the
home garden due to its desirable flavor. Thornless canes; average yields.
Hardiness is similar to Boysen.
Thornless. Patented variety from the National
Seed Development Organization in Scotland. Lockness should become one of the
very best all time thornless blackberries for the home garden. Unlike many
other types of blackberries, Lockness does not produce thorny canes from root
system . Lockness is truly thornless. It is extremely productive. Lockness has
similar genealogy to Black Satin, Hull, and Chester, but Lockness is a much
better tasting berry and has real gourmet quality. Canadas top small
fruit specialist has tested Lockness at British Columbia Abbotsford Fruit
Testing Station and gives it the highest rating for a berry of this
Trailing. Developed in Oregon, But produces extremely well in California where
the lack of day length and cold limit the productivity of some blackberries.
Large, shiny, firm black berries. Sweet with some wild blackberry flavor.
Vigorous and productive trailing thorny canes. Ripens in July. Good for fresh
eating, jams and freezing.
Trailing. Tested as orus 830-4, selected from the cross of ORUS 2027 (Ollalie x
ORUS 1367) x ORUS 1826 (ORUS 1122 x Boysen) Siskiyou is
outstanding in its vigor, disease resistance and winter tolerance. Canes are
more thorny than Marion but less than Kotata. Fruits are very large, firm and
excellent flavored, produced early in the season before Kotata and with Black
Butte. Yields have been similar to Kotata, less than Marion and greater than
Introduced by Scottish Horticultural Research Institute. Named after the River
Tay in Scotland. Tayberry was bred from a cross between the blackberry Aurora,
a high quality variety bred in Oregon, USA and an improved Tetraploid Raspberry
from the breeding program at the Scottish Corp. Research Institute. Tayberry is
ready for picking from early July through mid August. Long, moderately vigorous
canes. Berries are large, long conical shape and a reddish purple color with
excellent, slightly aromatic flavor. Excellent quality for freezing, canning,
jams, and jellies. Tayberry has shown considerable promise for the fresh fruit
and processing markets.